GED Practice

GED Social Studies Review: Modern Government


Questions:


Directions: Choose or write the answer to each question.

Question 1 through 4 refer to the following passage.

Americans are used to hearing that they have certain rights and privileges. But what are rights and how do they differ  from privileges? in legal terms, rights are powers and freedom that government must protect. For example, the Constitution provides all Americans with the right to a public trial before a jury if they are accused if a crime. In addition to such civil rights, the Constitution also protects natural rights. These are rights believed to come from a power higher than government. On the 1600s, the great political thinker John Locke summarized natural rights as the right to life, liberty, and property. For example, the First Amendment protects liberty, or personal freedom, when it guarantees freedom of religion: "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof."
In contrast to rights are entitlements. These can best be thought of as privileges or benefits that government provides by law to people who meet certain requirements. Example include a Social Security pension, payments to farmers who grow certain crops, and government payments to people who are unemployed.



  1. Which is an example of a natural right?
    • freedom of speech
    • a public trial
    • paying taxes
    • government payments to the unemployed
  2. Which is an example of an entitlement?
    • freedom of the press
    • trial by a jury
    • a government-guaranteed student loan
    • the ability to put your house up for sale
  3. Which of the following is an opinion expressed in or implied by the passage?
    • Privileges are more important to Americans than are rights.
    • Civil rights are more important than natural rights.
    • Natural rights are believed to come from a power higher than government.
    • John Locke was a great political thinker.
  4. Why are natural rights more basic to democratic government than entitlements?
    • Government can lawfully take away entitlements, but not natural rights.
    • Entitlements are protected by the Constitution, but natural rights are not.
    • Natural rights apply only to U.S. citizens, but entitlements apply to all U.S. residents.
    • Natural rights aren't protected in the Constitution since they come from a higher power.
Answer:

  1. freedom of speech
  2. a government-guaranteed student loan
  3. John Locke was a great political thinker.
  4. Government can lawfully take away entitlements, but not natural rights.







Reference:


Complete Test Preparation for the GED Test 2014 by Steck-Vaughn