GED Practice

GED Science Review: Weather and Climate


Questions:

Questions 1 and 2 refer to the information below.

A hurricane is a large tropical storm with average wind speeds of at least 74 miles per hour, sometimes reaching 150 miles per hour. The winds spiral outward from a calm area of low pressure  in the center of the storm. The strong winds are usually accompanied by heavy rainfall and violent surges of ocean water. A hurricane can cause death as well as property damage from wind, rain, and floodwater.
The mission of the Tropical Prediction Center is to save lives and protect property by issuing storm watches, warnings, and forecasts to the general public, armed services, and mariners. It tracks storms over the Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico, and eastern Pacific Ocean from May through November—prime hurricane season—each year.



  1. During which of the following months should you schedule a vacation in the Caribbean if you wish to avoid hurricanes?
    • May
    • March
    • November
    • September
  2. The passage uses the phrase spiral outward to describe the movement of a hurricane's winds. what is the best description of the meaning of this phrase as it is used in the passage?
    • to move randomly in all directions
    • to move with increasing speed toward land
    • to move in a circular pattern away from the center of the storm
    • to move in a straight line in the direction of the storm's movement
  3. A fully developed hurricane consists of a series of thick cumulonimbus cloud bands that spiral outward. Wind speeds increase toward the center, or eye, if the storm and can reach speeds of 275 kilometers per hour along the eyewall, The eye itself, however, is a region of calm, clear, sinking air.

    In which part of a hurricane would you expect to find winds of the greatest speed?
    • at the eyewall of the storm
    • at elevations nearest sea level
    • at the exact center of the hurricane
    • at the outer edges of the cloud bands
Every hurricane is categorized on the Saffir-Simpson scale by wind speed, storm surge height, and other factors. The scale has five categories. Category 1 storms cause the least amount of damage to the areas they hit. Category 5 storms can result in catastrophic damage.

How would a Category 2 hurricane compare to a Category 4 hurricane?


    •  The Category 2 storm would cause more damage
    • The Category 2 storm would have lower wind speeds.
    • The Category 4 storm would have less of a storm surge.
    • The Category 4 storm would be much more mild overall.
answer:

  1. March
  2. to move in a circular pattern away from the center of the storm
  3. at the eyewall of the storm
  4. The Category 2 storm would have lower wind speeds.







Reference:


Complete Test Preparation for the GED Test 2014 by Steck-Vaughn